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By Richard J. Evans

Unemployment used to be might be the main challenge confronting ecu society on the time during which this ebook used to be first released in 1987, and is arguably nonetheless the case at the present time. This choice of essays via British and German historians contributes to the talk by means of taking an in depth examine unemployment within the Weimar Republic. What teams have been so much significantly affected, and why? How did they react? How powerful have been welfare and activity production schemes? Did unemployment gas social instability and political extremism? How some distance was once unemployment a explanation for the cave in of the Weimar Republic and the triumph of the 3rd Reich? Did the Nazis clear up the unemployment challenge through peaceable Keynsianism or via vast rearmament?

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Extra resources for The German Unemployed: Experiences and Consequences of Mass Unemployment from the Weimar Republic to the Third Reich

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15/3 (1985), 259-79 and 15/4, 465-71. 23. For work-creation schemes during the crisis, see generally Michael Wolffsohn, Industrie und Handwerk im Konflikt mit staatlicher Wirtschaftspolitik? Studien zur Politik der Arbeitsbeschaffung in Deutschland 1930-1934 (Berlin, 1977); and Michael Schneider, Das Arbeitsbeschaffungsprogramm des A DG B (Bonn, 1975). 24. See Stephen Constantine, Unemployment in Britain between the Wars (London, 1980). 2 UNEMPLOYMENT AND DEMOBILISATION IN GERMANY AFTER THE FIRST WORLD WAR1 Richard Bessel I The purpose of this essay is exploratory: to delineate the extent and character of unemployment in Germany in the aftermath of the First World War; to consider how it shaped and was shaped by the processes of demobilisation; and finally, to suggest how it affected the social and political upheavals which marked the early years of the Weimar Republic.

174-219. 19. Ross McKibbin, ‘The Myth of the Unemployed. ’ Australian Journal o f Political History 15 (1969), 25-40. 20. , ‘Arbeitslosigkeit und Nationalsozialismus. Eine empirische Analyse des Beitrags der Massenerwerbslosigkeit zu den Wahlerfolgen der NSDAP 1932 und 1933’ , Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 35 (1983), 525-54. See also Thomas Childers, The Nazi Voter (Chapel Hill, 1984) and Richard F. Hamilton, Who Voted for Hitler? (Princeton, 1982). 21. For a general survey, see Richard Bessel, ‘Germany’s Unemployment and the Rise of the Nazis’, The Times Higher Education Supplement, 4 Feb.

The effect of these measures is far from clear. As Helgard Kramer points out in Chapter 5, because male unemployment in the Depression rose faster than female, it is often assumed that women were simply not registering as unemployed when they lost their jobs (whether this was through official action or not). 14 To begin with, by removing or drastically reducing the income of the male head of household, mass unemployment forced many previously non-working women to find jobs (even if only parttime) in order to make up the family wage.

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