By E. Yarnold S.J.
Cyril used to be bishop in Jerusalem from c350-351 advert till 386 advert. His writings are an enormous resource for the heritage of early Christian doctrine. This publication presents complete English translations, with explanatory statement, of his most crucial works. The creation covers Cyril's lifestyles; his old and archaeological context; his theology; and modern doctrine and perform. this may be crucial analyzing for college kids and students of patristics, and people learning the historical past of the early Church and past due antiquity.
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Extra resources for Cyril of Jerusalem (Early Church Fathers)
Const. 39). At the opposite end from the doors, as the head of the whole building, a dome extended over the top of the basilica. It was encircled by twelve columns: the same number as the Saviour’s apostles. The tops of the columns were adorned with huge silver bowls, a beautiful offering which the Emperor had made personally to his God. (Vit. Const. 38) 17 INTRODUCTION Reconstructions which depict this dome as if it were the customary curving roof of an apse are misleading. Eusebius’ word for dome is hemisphairon, a hemisphere; the curved ceiling of an apse would be only a quarter-sphere.
In the Catecheses Cyril applies this analysis to the waters of baptism: For since a human being is twofold, being a composite of soul and body, the purification also is twofold: incorporeal for the incorporeal, and bodily for the body. And the water purifies the body, and the Spirit seals the soul. (Cat. 4) In the Mystagogics Cyril applies the same analysis to the Eucharist: In the New Testament there is the bread of heaven and the cup of salvation, which sanctify both body and soul. 28 WORKS Just as the bread is suitable for the body, so the Word is adapted to the soul.
14 While the Catecheses contain many verbal echoes of the Procatechesis, such echoes are much harder to find in the Mystagogics. (4) The programme set out in Cat. 33 for the forthcoming postbaptismal instructions does not exactly correspond to the contents of the Mystagogics. However, many of these objections brought against Cyril as the author of the Mystagogics disappear if they were not delivered in the same year as the pre-baptismal instructions, but some thirty years later towards the end of Cyril’s episcopate.