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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee

Nationwide climate carrier Modernization Committee, fee on Engineering and Technical platforms, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide learn Council

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Recommendation 5. NOAA should implement an adequate backup system to the Wallops CDA station to ensure the uninterrupted operation of GOES satellites and the acquisition of sufficient data to generate basic image and sounding products to meet NWS mission requirements. GEOSTATIONARY OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE BACKUP From 1993 to 1995, when only one GOES spacecraft was operational, EUMETSAT loaned NOAA a geostationary weather satellite, METEOSAT-3. The satellite was repositioned to 75 degrees west longitude in order to cover the eastern United States and Atlantic Ocean (see Table 4-1).

Coverage, it would be moved if an operational GOES fails, if no other operable GOES is in orbit, if a GOES launch is not possible within four months, and if at least two operable METEOSATs are in orbit. If EUMETSAT makes the same request for a GOES to be moved to ensure European coverage, but not farther east than 5 degrees west longitude, it would be moved only if the operational METEOSAT fails, if there is no other operable METEOSAT in orbit, if a METEOSAT launch is not possible within four months, and if at least two operable GOES are in orbit.

Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE USES OF SATELLITE DATA 21 improvement in the analysis and forecast system in the past decade. The new method uses spectral radiances from POES directly in the data assimilation cycle, rather than first converting the radiances into vertical profiles of temperature and humidity.

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