By Claudio A. Fuentes
This paintings analyzes the interactions and foreign connections of the "civil rights" and "pro-order" coalitions of kingdom and societal actors within the nations. the writer demonstrates that during democratizing contexts, retaining voters from police abuse and turns into a part of a debate approximately how one can care for problems with public protection and social regulate and of perceived trade-offs among liberty and protection.
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Additional info for Contesting the Iron Fist: Advocacy Networks and Police Violence in Democratic Argentina and Chile (Latin American Studies-Social Sciences & Law)
36 Thus, the first task is analyzing what are the contextual conditions constraining actors’ choices—the political opportunity structure. 37 I suggest three critical contextual variables affecting actors’ choices: the nature of the transition, access to the political system, and police autonomy impact groups’ ability to influence the political system. Concerning the nature of the transition, the literature on democratization has linked the mode of transition to future political outcomes (Agüero 1999; Karl and Schmitter 1994; Karl 1990;1995).
Pro-order coalition. The other side of the coin is the pro-order coalition, whose primary concern is the maintenance of social order. In many countries the police, intelligence agencies, some state officials, more conservative political parties, and some sectors of civil society tend to champion this view. These actors will seek to provide police institutions with wide legal tools to preempt social disorder, terrorism, and crime. Those sectors do not reject the existence of individual rights, but they emphasize that such rights should be circumstantial and that authorities must restrict citizens’ rights and widen police powers in order to maintain social peace.
As veto powers depend on who is in charge, both coalitions may have the opportunity to lobby policymakers to use (or avoid using) such veto powers. However, since the pro-order coalition is supporting the status quo, their access to veto powers is more important. Other strategy available to both coalitions is the establishment of alliances with key “professionals” or “experts” to advance their agenda. Technical experts are relevant because they ultimate translate an idea into a specific proposal.