By Juliane Besters-Dilger
Glossy touch linguistics has essentially keen on touch among languages which are genetically unrelated and structurally far-off. This compendium of articles appears to be like as a substitute on the results of pre-existing structural congruency among the affected languages on the time in their preliminary touch, utilizing the Romance and Slavic languages as examples. in touch of this sort, either genetic and typological similarities play an element.
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Additional info for Congruence in Contact-Induced Language Change
We have tried to demonstrate that the application of triangulation allows for a near-to exhaustive and coherent analysis of non-random correlations across languages belonging to a given area, even if their varieties are very closely related genetically. Notably, it has repeatedly been claimed that language contact is even more likely to occur between genetically related languages and with features that are typologically frequent (cf. Dahl 2001; Wälchli 2012). Triangulation is thus our answer on how language contact between closely related languages (even on a dialectal level) should be approached.
40 Björn Wiemer, Ilja Serzˇant and Aksana Erker Lavine, James E. forthcoming Syntactic Change and the Rise of Transitive Passives in Slavic. In: Leonid Kulikov, and Ilya A. ), Transitivity and voice in IndoEuropean and beyond. A diachronic typological perspective. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: Benjamins, TSL series. Litwinow, W. P. 1989 Der Modus relativus baltischer Sprachen aus typologischer Sicht. Baltistica 25(2): 146–155. Matras, Yaron 2007 The borrowability of structural categories. ), Grammatical Borrowing in Cross-Linguistic Perspective, 31–73.
Languages that are on opposite margins of the BSCZ and its immediate surroundings – attest structurally similar patterns except for the “slot” of the highest-ranking argument, which cannot be expressed overtly: 10 In general, close diachronic relationships between perfects and evidentials are well-attested cross-linguistically (cf. Litwinow 1989; Bybee and Dahl 1989: 73–4; Bybee et al. 1994). sg that ‘[People] have also been of the opinion, that …’ Even though the Polish construction matches etymologically the North Russian perfect construction, there are synchronically considerable differences between them: (i) the Polish construction is used in the functions of a generalized past and (ii) there are almost no restrictions on the lexical input if only the highest-ranking (or sole) argument represents a human being, (iii) the higher-ranking argument (= human) can never be expressed, although it remains implicit semantically, (iv) object-NPs are always clearly marked as such (with the case marking corresponding to active voice); cf.