By Lois M. Davis, Louis T. Mariano, Jennifer E. Pace, Sarah K. Cotton, Paul Steinberg
Result of the 3rd and ultimate wave of a countrywide survey to elicit tests of kingdom and native reaction corporations in their actions following 11th of September to enhance preparedness to answer terrorist-related incidents and of federal courses meant to enhance arrangements and readiness. It additionally presents info on how country and native corporations are resourcing those actions, how they understand the jobs of the army and nationwide protect, and their expectancies for the dept of place of origin safeguard.
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Result of the 3rd and ultimate wave of a countrywide survey to elicit checks of nation and native reaction firms in their actions following Sep 11 to enhance preparedness to reply to terrorist-related incidents and of federal courses meant to enhance arrangements and readiness. It additionally presents details on how country and native organisations are resourcing those actions, how they understand the jobs of the army and nationwide defend, and their expectancies for the dep. of place of origin defense.
Extra info for Combating Terrorism: How Prepared Are State and Local Response Organizations?
This is not surprising, since one would expect the FBI to be interacting primarily with law enforcement and emergency management oﬃcials. However, one would expect a greater percentage of law enforcement organizations to have received such guidance, particularly among those located in metropolitan areas or jurisdictions considered to be at higher risk for a terrorist attack. 3 Organizations That Received Guidance from the FBI After 9/11 About the Type of Information They Should Collect Regarding Suspected Terrorist Activity Organization Type Local organizations Law enforcement Local/regional EMS Local OEM Paid/combination ﬁre department Volunteer ﬁre department State organizations State EMS State OEM Health organizations Hospital Local public health agency State public health agency Organizations Receiving FBI Guidance (% of all organizations) 47 (6) — 42 (6) 23 (5) 2 (1) — 50 (7) 25 (6) — — NOTES: Standard error of the estimate is shown in parentheses.
9). The majority of state and health organizations had participated in joint preparedness activities at the local and state levels. 20 Combating Terrorism: How Prepared Are Response Organizations? 8 Organizations That Purchased Monitoring and Detection Equipment or Decontamination Equipment After 9/11 Monitoring and Detection for Biological Monitoring and Detection for Cyberterrorism Decontamination of Victims and/or Sites Local organizations Law enforcement Local/regional EMS Local OEM Paid/combination ﬁre department Volunteer ﬁre department State organizations State EMS State OEM Health organizations Hospital Monitoring and Detection for Radiological Organization Type Purchased Any Monitoring or Decontamination Equipment (% of all organizations) Monitoring and Detection for Chemical Purpose (% of organizations that purchased equipment) 11 (3) 21 (4) 65 (6) 43 (15) 56 (12) 64 (7) 47 (15) 39 (12) 50 (7) 10 (7) 33 (11) 38 (6) 4 (4) 11 (8) — 37 (14) 61 (12) 83 (5) 54 (7) 70 (9) 55 (8) 34 (7) 6 (3) 59 (8) 24 (7) 86 (8) 28 (13) 23 (14) 0 38 (15) 21 (5) 64 (7) 67 (20) 75 (9) 83 (16) 94 (5) 50 (21) 50 (11) 17 (16) — 50 (21) 75 (9) 76 (6) 9 (5) 9 (4) 11 (6) 1 (1) 97 (2) NOTES: Standard error of the estimate is shown in parentheses.
These results suggest that in 2003, both ﬁrst responders and health organizations considered local-level response capabilities to be weakest in these areas. State public health agencies were primarily concerned about mass care and medical treatment of victims. 14, with no particular category being singled out as of particular concern. 15 shows the types of support that organizations felt was needed to help strengthen response capabilities. State and local organizations wanted training courses and exercises.