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Do “human rights”—as embodied in constitutions, nationwide legislation, and overseas agreements—foster advancements within the lives of the bad or another way marginalized populations? while, the place, how, and less than what stipulations? ultimate the Rights hole: From Human Rights to Social Transformation systematically compares a variety of case reports from all over the world as a way to make clear the stipulations lower than which—and associations via which—economic, social, and cultural rights are steadily learned in perform. It concludes with testable hypotheses concerning how major transformative swap could happen, in addition to an time table for destiny study to facilitate rights awareness around the globe.

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30 At this point, states are morally entitled to use force to stop these atrocities, and, for some solidarists like Vincent, the obligation is even stronger and the society of states has a duty to act. As I argued in the Introduction, humanitarian intervention exposes the conflict between order and justice at its starkest, and it is the archetypal case where it might be expected that international society would carve out an explicit legal exception to its rules. After all, what is the point of upholding these if governments are free to slaughter their citizens with impunity?

A supreme humanitarian emergency exists when the only hope of saving lives depends on outsiders coming to the rescue. It is incumbent upon those who wish to legitimate an armed intervention as humanitarian (this would hopefully include the intervening state but it is not a stipulation since humanitarian justifications are not part of the threshold requirements) to make the case to other governments and domestic and international public opinion that the violations of human rights within the target state had reached such a magnitude that, to paraphrase Walzer, they shock the conscience of humanity.

As he or she develops as a player, his or her actions become more fluent and responsive to the demands of the game. Searle argues that it is misleading to think that he or she is applying the rules more skillfully, since what has happened is that the player has acquired a set of predispositions and skills that are determined by the rules of the game, but which do not rely on actors consciously following rules. See Searle, The Construction of Social Reality, 141-2. 13 This is the significance of the constructivist claim that identities and interests are not exogenous to interaction; rather, as Wendt so powerfully argues, identities are constituted through interaction and changing identities generate different conceptions of interests.

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