By Nijavalli H. Ravindranath, Jayant A. Sathaye
Constructing international locations realize the significance in their destiny position in responding to the uncertainty posed via worldwide weather swap via applicable technical, institutional, and coverage measures. the continued international negotiations at the moment are in a severe section. A entire evaluation and knowing of concerns appropriate to constructing international locations, corresponding to greenhouse fuel emissions inventories, contribution of constructing international locations to greenhouse fuel emissions, projected weather switch, affects of weather switch at the ecosystems and constructing economies, mitigation possibilities, and capability socio-economic implications for constructing nations, is important so as to handle the rising weather swap. This ebook offers the choice views of constructing international locations on possibilities to learn from the present and rising worldwide negotiations, associations, and mechanisms to deal with weather switch. Analyses convey that the constructing nations, with acceptable coverage and institutional responses, may benefit from the worldwide courses for mitigating the weather switch. A finished and simplified advisor to aid negotiators and coverage makers from constructing international locations, in addition to researchers, is supplied. the original characteristic of this booklet is that it offers a entire assurance of other matters resembling greenhouse gasoline emissions, mitigation research, affects and model, coverage techniques, rising international associations and mechanisms, and replacement views of constructing international locations. The ebook offers simple info, research, and interpretation of assorted points correct to weather switch and should be a invaluable asset to researchers, negotiators, coverage makers, and environmental teams engaged within the research and dialogue of weather switch.
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Extra info for Climate Change and Developing Countries (Advances in Global Change Research)
Carbon emissions are expected to grow at a slower rate in the future due to a sharp decrease in energy intensity though, simultaneously, GDP per capita is expected to increase strongly. Affluence is projected to be the single main contributor to carbon dioxide emissions in the future. Population growth is projected to decline. Yet, it will remain high compared to some of the other Asian countries. A decline in carbon intensity will continue to counterbalance the effects of the other factors, but less than in the past.
7. emissions from LUCF sector is assumed to be from non-Annex I (or developing) countries, largely through tropical deforestation. 1 Gt C) and as a percentage of global emissions (from 46 to 52%). Tropical deforestation contributes to 39% of non-Annex I emissions. This shows that the contribution of developing countries to global emissions is already higher and increasing. 2 Contribution of Industrialized and Developing Countries to Cumulative emissions during the Twentieth Century It is important to understand the contribution of industrialized countries, particularly North American and European countries, to cumulative emissions, and compare it to the emissions from developing countries between 1900 and 1999, as this issue is at the core of the global debate on combating climate change.
An inter-country comparison of carbon emissions trends and the contributing factors concludes the chapter. 2 REGIONAL AND COUNTRY-SPECIFIC EMISSIONS In Chapter 2, we saw that the energy sector contributes to the bulk of carbon dioxide emissions, worldwide. 98 Gt in 1997 (IEA, 1999). 56 Gt in 1971, which equaled 38% of world carbon dioxide emissions. 1). , 1992). 6% annually that was recorded between 1971 and 1995. Future scenarios show a steady but slowing increase in emissions from developing countries.