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By Esther D. Reed

The belief of protection has lately noticeable a surge of curiosity from political philosophers. After the atrocities of eleven September 2001 and seven July 2005, many top politicians justified encroachments on foreign criminal criteria and civil liberties within the identify of protection and so that it will conserving the rights of the folk. feedback have been made on each side of the Atlantic to the influence that the extremism of terrorism required the safety of the numerous to be weighed opposed to the liberties of different voters. during this choice of essays, Jeremy Waldron, Conor Gearty, Tariq Modood, David Novak, Abdelwahab El-Affendi and others debate the right way to flow past the fake dichotomy wherein primary human rights and foreign criteria are conceived as anything to be balanced opposed to safeguard. in addition they research the declare that this goal may possibly higher be complex through the inclusion in public debate of explicitly spiritual voices.

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Additional info for Civil Liberties, National Security and Prospects for Consensus: Legal, Philosophical and Religious Perspectives

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Two Concepts of Liberty’, in his collection Four Essays on Liberty (Oxford University Press, 1969). , Sovereign Virtue: The Theory and Practice of Equality (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000). Taking Rights Seriously (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978). Goodin, R. E. Political Theory and Public Policy (University of Chicago Press, 1982). 34 jeremy waldron Hobbes, T. On the Citizen, Richard Tuck and Michael Silverthorne eds. (Cambridge University Press, 1998). The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic, J.

19 If I choose not to do something merely because I dread the consequences, this does not mean that I am not free to do it; it merely means I do not want to, that is, I am still free. Hobbes defines external impediments very narrowly, therefore broadening the range of freedom – we are free even if we live in a despotic country, cannot afford to eat and feel we have to comply with damaging laws for fear of vicious punishment. This version of individual liberty fits well with Hobbes’s grand scheme of liberty disavowal, developed in Elements and restated in his later work, because it is largely residual.

15 The way out of this conundrum lies in obliging ourselves to forbear from acting according to our will and power. This requires submission to a sovereign to whom we are henceforth to be ‘as absolutely subject. . 16 Because liberty is impossible, our submission to the protective force of the sovereign is practically absolute. True, Hobbes does have some sense of inalienable rights, but these do not figure prominently in his thinking, and he never seriously contemplated any kind of right of revolution against an iniquitous sovereign.

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