By Larry L. Butcher
Cholinergic-Monoaminergic Interactions within the Brain
summary: Cholinergic-Monoaminergic Interactions within the mind
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Part 2 Neurohistochemical and Neurobiochemical Aspects 47 A c c o r d i n g t o t h e " s c a t t e r " h y p o t h e s i s , neostriatal damage m u s t be considerably greater t h a n pallidal injury before a sufficient n u m b e r of nigral efferent fibers or fiber collaterals are injured t o result in d e a t h of an appreciable n u m b e r of the p a r e n t cell b o d i e s . Given t h e inability of vascular damage t o a c c o u n t for m u c h of t h e nigral cell loss following forebrain lesions (see a b o v e , as well as Mettler, 1 9 4 3 , m a n g a b e y a n d rhesus m o n k e y s ) , t h e " s c a t t e r " h y p o t h e s i s provides t h e simplest viable e x p l a n a t i o n n o t only for t h e frequently greater efficacy of large t h a n small c a u d a t e - p u t a m e n c o m p l e x ablations in p r o d u c i n g n e u r o n a l a t r o p h y w i t h i n t h e substantia nigra, b u t also for t h e inability of even o u r large neostriatal lesions, w h i c h always spared a lateral s e g m e n t of t h e c a u d a t e - p u t a m e n c o m p l e x , t o i n d u c e nigral cell loss c o m p a r a b l e t o t h a t following c o m p l e t e or extensive pallidal ablations ( c o m p a r e Figs.
T o retrograde d e g e n e r a t i o n ) , we m u s t have reason t o believe t h a t the observed n e u r o n a l loss is n o t simply the result of vascular damage t o the substantia nigra. This is established in t h e case of t h e m i d b r a i n lesions placed in the present s t u d y : V M T lesions in the rat d o n o t disrupt nigral b l o o d vessels ( P i a r r o u x , 1 9 7 4 ) . A l t h o u g h n o t e x a m i n e d t o d a t e , there is also n o a priori reason w h y D L H ablations w o u l d cause such d i s r u p t i o n .
Rat sacrificed 4 8 hours after DFP administration. 1 mm. Part 2 Neurohistochemical and Neurobiochemical Aspects III. 33 R E T R O G R A D E DEGENERATION EXPERIMENTS A. 1. Extent o f Lesions Caudate-Putamen Complex Small or large p o r t i o n s of the n e o s t r i a t u m were a b l a t e d . Small lesions (N= 15) were restricted t o the dorsal third of t h e c a u d a t e - p u t a m e n c o m p l e x . With the e x c e p t i o n of m i n o r cerebral cortical injury p r o d u c e d b y passage of the radiofrequency p r o b e during p l a c e m e n t of all lesions in the c u r r e n t investigation, t h e only damage inflicted outside t h e n e o s t r i a t u m in animals sustaining small c a u d a t e p u t a m e n ablations was t h a t inflicted u p o n the c o r p u s callosum i m m e d i a t e l y adjacent t o the region of striatal injury.