Download Catholicism and Science (Greenwood Guides to Science and by Peter M.J Hess PDF

By Peter M.J Hess

While most folks take into consideration Catholicism and technology, they are going to immediately give some thought to one of many well-known occasions within the historical past of technological know-how - the condemnation of Galileo through the Roman Catholic Church. however the interplay of Catholics with technological know-how has been - and is - way more complicated and confident than that depicted within the legend of the Galileo affair. realizing the wildlife has continually been a energy of Catholic suggestion and study - from the good theologians of the center a long time to the current day - and technological know-how has been an indicator of Catholic schooling for centuries.Catholicism and technological know-how, a quantity within the Greenwood courses to technology and faith sequence, covers all elements of the connection of technological know-how and the Church: How Catholics interacted with the profound adjustments within the actual sciences (natural philosophy) and organic sciences (natural historical past) through the medical Revolution; how Catholic scientists reacted to the idea of evolution and their makes an attempt to make evolution suitable with Catholic theology; and the consequences of Roman Catholic doctrinal and ethical teachings for neuroscientific examine, and for research into genetics and cloning.The quantity comprises basic resource records, a thesaurus and timeline of vital occasions, and an annotated bibliography of the main worthy works for additional study

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This positive valuation of manual labor in the Benedictine order was important for science. In contrast to the classical tradition in which the scholar was exempt from labor, monasticism embraced manual labor, whether it was viewed as a penance or as the practical equivalent of contemplative prayer. Physical work was conducive to the investigation of nature and the venturing of natural philosophical hypotheses, as exemplified by Roger Bacon and Dietrich of Freiburg, and in the nineteenth century by the Augustinian friar Gregor Mendel.

Moreover, the monastic approval of technology—in contrast to the Old Testament disapproval of it—led to labor saving devices and the positive appraisal of technology we find in the twelfth century (Kaiser, 1997:81–83). Two features of monasticism stand out for their impact on medieval science. First, the monastic way was primarily about fostering spiritual conversion of the individual and the community. Genuine conversion is not undisciplined, but is rooted in tradition and learning, and the monks needed the books of their Christian and classical heritage.

For the first three hundred years Christianity was one faith among a welter of competing philosophies and mystery religions and the political religion of the Roman state. Occasionally it was singled out for persecution, the severest episode being that of Diocletian (303–305), during which thousands of Christian martyrs met their deaths in arenas and elsewhere. When Constantine became emperor he issued the Edict of Milan (313) declaring toleration of Christianity, although it became the official religion of the empire only in the reign of Theodosius, in the late fourth century.

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