By P. K. Ramachandran Nair (auth.), B. Mohan Kumar, P. K. Ramachandran Nair (eds.)
This multi-authored quantity comprises peer-reviewed chapters from the world’s best researchers and execs during this subject. it's a compendium of unique learn articles, case reports, and local overviews and summarizes the present nation of information on carbon sequestration power of agroforestry structures. the most speculation of the e-book is that the farmers for the reason that time immemorial have built-in an array of tree and crop species of their land use platforms as a way to accomplish greater productiveness, threat avoidance, product diversification, and sustainability. those multispecies construction structures additionally influence the surroundings approaches favorably. but, our figuring out of the variety attributes and carbon dynamics below agroforestry isn't enough. even though carbon sequestration is a focal subject matter of dialogue in so much agroforestry and weather meetings, guides on carbon sequestration in agroforestry are scattered. This ebook, with sixteen chapters equipped into 3 extensive sections titled: size and Estimation, Agrobiodiversity and Tree administration, and coverage and Socioeconomic features, signify a pass component to the possibilities and demanding situations in present study and rising matters in harnessing carbon sequestration power of agroforestry platforms. The e-book is exclusive in its specific and international assurance of the topic, and constitutes a precious reference fabric for college students and researchers within the box of agroforestry and weather swap mitigation.
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Extra info for Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Systems: Opportunities and Challenges
2000; IPCC 2007; Smith et al. 2007). Adoption of agroforestry practices has greater poten tial to increase C sequestration of predominantly agriculture dominated landscapes than monocrop agriculture (Lee and Jose 2003; Nair and Nair 2003; Nair et al. 2009; Schoeneberger 2009; Morgan et al. 2010). Within agroforestry systems (AFS), C can be stored in above- and below-ground biomass, soil, and living and dead organisms. The quantity and quality of residue supplied by trees/shrubs/grass in agroforestry systems enhance soil C concentration (Oelbermann et al.
The SOC content was 35% higher near the tree base and this effect extended up to 4 m in the crop alley when the system was 8 year-old. With time, crop alleys also showed increased SOC due to evenly distributed leaf biomass. The spatial variation in root biomass in alley cropping could also contri bute to the SOC distribution. Jose et al. ) tree rows compared to maize alleys in Indiana, indicating greater C stocks in the tree rows. 1 m from the base. 37 times more roots, at those distances respectively, than maize.
As riparian systems mature, the above- and below-ground biomass of the understory and overstory vegetation increase, giving an overall increase in the system level C stock. According to Naiman et al. 86). 1). Biomass accumulation pattern of another riparian system in Washington, USA, showed similar patterns with an increase in C from 9 to 271 Mg ha–1 as the system matured (age ~ 250 year). Almost 90% of the stem density and biomass accumulation occurred during the first 20–40 years (Table 2; Balian and Naiman 2005).