By Frank Lorenz Muller
This booklet analyzes the British perspective to 1 of the dominant problems with 19th-century Europe. either in Germany and past, politicians grappled with the German Question—the dual challenge of uniting the various German states and of intergrating the ensuing Reich into the ecu states procedure. This unique learn explores how the makers of British international coverage spoke back to those matters among the July Revolution of 1830 and Bismarkch's "Wars of German Unification," and explains what sort of united Germany they desired to see.
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Extra resources for Britain and the German Question: Perceptions of Nationalism and Political Reform, 1830-63
The sequence of measures agreed by the German Diet and designed to repress the growing opposition, which culminated in the ‘Six Articles’ of 28 June 1832 and further resolutions on 5 July 1832,33 sparked off a dismayed and passionate reaction. 34 It was indeed the German sovereigns who attracted the most spiteful outbursts, with the Times encouraging ‘free-born Germans’ to resist ‘the tyrannical mandates of their coterie of Princes’ and advocating British support in a war against Germany’s ‘domestic despots’.
58 ‘Natural allies of this country’: Germany’s constitutional states In his reply to Lytton Bulwer’s motion on the ‘Six Articles’, Palmerston expressed high regard for the importance of Germany’s constitutional states by according them the status of ‘natural Allies of this country’. He furthermore declared that ‘no English ministry [would] perform its duty if it [were] inattentive to the interests of such states’. Indeed, throughout his clash with Metternich Palmerston consistently presented himself as the champion of the rights of the constitutional states of Germany.
21 Moreover, the group of ‘real Liberals’ and ‘Constitutionalists’ remained strangely nameless. 23 Their aims were either considered dangerous – like national unity or liberty of the press – or simply dismissed as lacking justiﬁcation. Frederick Lamb, for instance, was puzzled by the existence of a German opposition. ‘I am not aware what these German malcontents want’, he wrote to Palmerston in June 1832 with reference to the South German chambers. ’ The same applied, BGQ1 9/13/01 1:29 PM Page 18 18 Britain and the German Question according to Palmerston’s speech in the House of Commons on 2 August 1832, to the German Radicals in the Palatinate.