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By Robert Brush

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Extra info for Aversive Conditioning and Learning

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Such a classification would be particularly useful if the properties of behavior which lead to rapid or slow conditioning could be identified and manipulated experimentally. If, for example, responses which conditioned slowly lacked feedback, some artificial source of feedback could be added. Furthermore, criteria for classification other than the distinction between autonomie and skeletal responding might prove to be more successful in the long run. Breland and Breland (1966) have pointed out, for example, that responses in certain species are easy to operantly condition using a wide variety of conditioned stimuli and reinforcers, whereas responses in other species are limited to the reinforcing situations in which they occur naturally.

While this statement is true, the power of these theories is reduced even if operantly conditioned autonomie responses are mediated rather than directly conditioned. Suppose one observed a change in some autonomie response during a conditioning experiment. Could one use this autonomie response as a measure of classical conditioning? Even if one accepts the mediation hypothesis, the answer must be negative since the autonomie change could have been produced by the opérant conditioning of some mediating response as well as by classical conditioning.

Autonomie Aversive Conditioning 45 cally, one might attempt to classify them in terms of their relative ease of conditioning. Such a classification would be particularly useful if the properties of behavior which lead to rapid or slow conditioning could be identified and manipulated experimentally. If, for example, responses which conditioned slowly lacked feedback, some artificial source of feedback could be added. Furthermore, criteria for classification other than the distinction between autonomie and skeletal responding might prove to be more successful in the long run.

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