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By David E. Siskind, Stephen D. Eckermann, Michael E. Summers

Published through the yank Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.

in recent times, separate geophysical learn cultures have constructed within the usa to check the ambience: one in all area scientists, who specialise in the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere, and the opposite of atmospheric scientists, who concentrate on the troposphere and stratosphere. The boundary among those examine domain names approximately coincides with the stratopause (50 km). whereas the department ofthe surroundings into layers and limits serves as an invaluable approach to represent many of the chemical and dynamical tactics that distinguish those layers, those barriers should not impermeable. to appreciate such serious matters as international swap, geophysicists needs to research the ambience as an built-in process. the aim of this monograph is to spotlight these experiences that give some thought to the coupling of those areas and therefore compile medical specialties (atmospheric technological know-how and area technology) which are usually thought of separately.Content:

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In upper panel solid lines labeled S\, S , S are parcel trajectories (coincident with streamlines for a staionary wave), heavy dashed lines labeled 0i, 02, 03 are latitude circles, light dashed lines are contours of vertical velocity field. Lower panel shows projection of parcel oscillations on the meridional plane. 2 =0 dy + N latitude 3 The validity of the linear approximation can thus be assessed by comparing the sizes of the two terms on the right side of (4) with either term in (5). Linearity holds provided that \u - c\»\u'\ (6a) dq/dy>>\dq'/dy\ (6b) and Basically these criteria require that the angle with respect to the zonal direction through which material con­ tours fluctuate must remain small.

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