By Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier
In its first English-language variation, this ebook introduces the many-faceted interactions of animal populations with their habitats. From soil fauna, ants and termites to small and massive herbivores, burrowing mammals and birds, the writer provides a accomplished research of animals and ecosystems that's as extensive and sundry as all nature. bankruptcy 2 addresses the practical position of animals in panorama ecosystems, emphasizing fluxes of strength and topic inside and among ecosystems, and the consequences of animals on qualitative and structural habitat swap. dialogue contains chapters at the function of animal inhabitants density and the affects of local herbivores on plants and habitats from the tropics to the polar areas. Cyclic mass outbreaks of species reminiscent of the larch bud moth in Switzerland, the mountain pine beetle and the African red-billed weaver chicken are defined and analyzed. different chapters talk about Zoochory – the dispersal of seeds via ants, mammals and birds – and the impression of burrowing animals on soil improvement and geomorphology. attention extends to the influence of feral household animals. bankruptcy five specializes in difficulties caused by creation of alien animals and from re-introduction of animal species to their unique habitats, discusses the consequences on ecosystems of burrowing, digging and trampling through animals. the writer additionally addresses keystone species reminiscent of kangaroo rats, termites and beavers. bankruptcy 6 addresses the position of animals in panorama administration and nature conservation, with chapters at the effect of newcomer species similar to animals brought into Australia, New Zealand and Europe, and the results of reintroduction of species to unique habitat. It additionally discusses the wearing capability of average behavior, public attitudes towards dialog and extra. the ultimate part ponders the consequences of weather on interactions among animals and their habitats.
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Additional resources for Animals' Influence on the Landscape and Ecological Importance: Natives, Newcomers, Homecomers
The origin of the Mima mounds of western Washington. Journal of Geology, 50, 68–84. ). (2006). Large herbivore ecology, ecosystem dynamics and conservation (Conservation Biology 11). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. P. C. (1985). Lenticular soil mounds in the Kenya highlands. Oecologia, 66, 116–121. De Lattin, G. (1967). Grundriß der Zoogeographie (Hochschulbücher für Biologie 12). Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag. H. M. (1999). Functional significance of ungulate diversity in African savannas and the ecological implications of the spread of pastoralism.
1949). Pocket gophers as architects of Mima (pimple) mounds of the western United States. Texas Journal of Science, 1, 1–17. W. (1971). Geomorphic effect of the Arctic ground squirrel in an alpine environment. Geografiska Annaler, 53A, 100–106. Rammer, W. (1936). Das Tier in der Landschaft. Die deutsche Tierwelt in ihren Lebensräumen. Leipzig: Bibliographisches Institut. Remmert, H. (1980). Ökologie. Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer. Remmert, H. (1992). Das Mosaikzyklus-Konzept und seine Bedeutung für den Naturschutz -eine Übersicht.
1; see also Schwerdtfeger 1968; Tischler 1990). Models may help to better understand ecosystem functional mechanisms. However, models must simplify and therefore cannot reflect the complex reality. As models are based on local data, generalization and transferability of results to other locations must be considered with due care. Modelling may also involve a certain risk of disguising problems rather than solving them. On the other hand, practical landscape planning and management often are confronted with questions as to how ecosystems would respond to management, which management practices would be appropriate and how they could be optimized.