Download An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, Fifth Edition by James R. Holton PDF

By James R. Holton

During the prior decade, the technology of dynamic meteorology has persevered its swift strengthen. The scope of dynamic meteorology has broadened significantly. a lot of the fabric is predicated on a two-term direction for seniors majoring in atmospheric sciences.

This publication provides a cogent rationalization of the basics of meteorology and explains hurricane dynamics for weather-oriented meteorologists. It discusses weather dynamics and the results posed for worldwide switch. the recent variation has further a better half site with MATLAB routines and up-to-date remedies of a number of key topics.

  • Provides transparent actual factors of key dynamical principles
  • Contains a wealth of illustrations to explain textual content and equations, plus end-of-chapter problems
  • Holton is among the best specialists in modern meteorology, and popular for his transparent writing style
  • Instructor's handbook to be had to adopters

NEW during this EDITION

  • A better half web site with MATLAB® routines and demonstrations
  • Updated remedies on weather dynamics, tropical meteorology, center surroundings dynamics, and numerical prediction
  • Show description

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Additional info for An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, Fifth Edition

Example text

One way to quantify flow structure is to examine linear variations in the flow near an arbitrary point (x0,y0). 39b) The advantage of this manipulation is that we can now think about the wind near a point as a linear combination of the elemental fluid properties. The vorticity, ζ, represents pure rotation (about the vertical direction); δ represents pure divergence; and is called convergence. Pure deformation is represented by d1 and d2, where the wind field contracts, or is confluent in one direction, called the axis of contraction, and the wind field stretches in the normal direction, called the axis of dilatation.

This taste of kinematics highlights the importance of certain properties of the wind field that will be explored in greater depth in future chapters. Divergence is connected to vertical motion by mass conservation, as will be discussed in Chapter 2. Vorticity is fundamental to understanding dynamic meteorology and will be explored in detail in Chapter 3. Deformation is important for creating and destroying boundaries in fluids, such as horizontal temperature contrasts known as frontal zones, which will be explored in Chapter 9.

Now suppose that we observe the motion in a coordinate system rotating with the ball. In this rotating system the ball is stationary, but there is still a force acting on the ball—namely, the pull of the string. Therefore, in order to apply Newton’s second law to describe the motion relative to this rotating coordinate system, we must include an additional apparent force, the centrifugal force, which just balances the force of the string on the ball. Thus, the centrifugal force is equivalent to the inertial reaction of the ball on the string and just equal and opposite to the centripetal acceleration.

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