Download American Forests: A History of Resiliency and Recovery by Douglas W. McCleery PDF

By Douglas W. McCleery

MacCleery recounts how settlers got rid of a lot of the yankee wooded area for agriculture and trade in the course of the nineteenth century. initially of the 20 th century, even though, demographic alterations and an rising conservation stream helped lessen wildfire and inspire reforestation. at the present time there's extra forestland within the U.S. than there has been seventy five years in the past.

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Early forest practice laws emphasized fire protection and reforestation. Recent revisions include requirements for successful reforestation and reflect broad concerns for the environment. Game E M E R G E N C E O F A C A L L F O R C O N S E RVAT I O N E F F O RT S 37 also fell under state regulation, even game in national forests. In most states, fish and game agencies, funded largely by sport license fees, developed bag limits and hunting seasons in an effort to enhance the wild populations. Predator controls shifted from extermination to balanced maintenance as a way to ensure long-term wildlife health.

By mid-century, wood still supplied more than 90 percent of the nation’s heat energy needs; domestic heating and cooking accounted for the largest use of wood fuel (see Figure 7). The increasing scarcity and expense of fuelwood spurred innovations in the form of cast-iron wood stoves, which were four to six times more efficient in the use of wood than fireplaces. S. Patent Office issued more patents for stoves (over eight WESTWARD EXPANSION & EASTERN INDUSTRIAL GROWTH 15 Domestic Production of Forest Products, 1800–2005 A - Exports/Pulp & Logs B - Plywood & Veneer C - Pulp 15 D - Lumber E - Miscellaneous F - Fuelwood A B C 10 D 5 E F 1990 1975 1960 1945 1930 1915 1900 1870 1850 1830 1800 0 2005 Billions of cubic feet 20 Figure 7.

At that time twenty-six national forests were established, ranging from the Ocala in Florida to the Nicolet in Wisconsin; from the Green Mountain in Vermont to the Mark Twain in Missouri. By 1945, when acquisition of national forestland in the East substantially slowed, about twenty-four million acres of depleted farmsteads and cutover and burned woodlands had been incorporated into the eastern national forest system and placed under long-term management. S. Forests T he period after World War II ushered in a substantial increase in demand for a variety of forest products as well as non-timber uses and values.

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