By Michael Gill
Why is the sexuality of individuals with highbrow disabilities frequently deemed “risky” or “inappropriate” by means of lecturers, mom and dad, aid employees, doctors, judges, and the media? should still sexual citizenship depend upon IQ? Confronting such questions head-on, Already Doing It exposes the “sexual ableism” that denies the truth of people who, regardless of the constraints they face, actively make judgements approximately their sexual lives.
Tracing the heritage of efforts within the usa to restrict the sexual freedoms of such persons⎯using equipment comparable to compelled sterilization, invasive contraception, and gender-segregated residing arrangements—Michael Gill demonstrates that those common practices stemmed from dominant perspectives of disabled sexuality, now not least the thought that intellectually disabled girls are excessively sexual and fertile whereas their male opposite numbers are sexually predatory. studying felony discourses, intercourse schooling fabrics, and information tales going again to the Seventies, he exhibits, for instance, that the serious specialize in “stranger probability” in intercourse schooling for intellectually disabled contributors disregards their skill to independently pick out actions and sexual partners—including nonheterosexual ones, who're usually handled with heightened suspicion. He additionally examines moral concerns surrounding masturbation education that goals to control participants’ sexual lives, demanding situations the belief that these whose sexuality is managed (or rejected) aren't reproduce, and proposes popularity of the suitable to develop into mom and dad for adults with highbrow disabilities.
A powerfully argued demand sexual and reproductive justice for individuals with highbrow disabilities, Already Doing It urges a shift clear of the compulsion to regulate “deviance” (better recognized at the present time as damage relief) as the correct to excitement and highbrow incapacity usually are not together specific. In so doing, it represents a necessary new contribution to the continuing debate over who, within the usa, can be allowed to have intercourse, reproduce, marry, and lift children.
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Extra info for Already doing it : intellectual disability and sexual agency
Essentially, the concept of intellectual disability assumes that people are unable to adequately advocate for themselves and need constant supervision and support. Individuals are assumed vulnerable to sexual abuse and exploitation. In addition, intellectually disabled individuals are also generally not assumed sexually attractive or desirable partners, especially by those without intellectual disabilities. As such it is assumed that their sexual rights should be protected while their sexual expression should be shunned and silenced.
10 In Beck’s moralization of disability, the “us”/“them” dichotomy is established with disabled individuals who are unconditionally moral, innocent, and childlike needing to be protected from sexual assault. Beck’s use of “special needs” and “retarded” also further creates differential power dynamics that seem to warrant a reinforcement of protectionism and sexual ableism. It is precisely Beck’s moralization Questions of Consent 25 and simplification of situations such as Kalie McArthur’s that make a more nuanced reading of cases of assault for intellectually disabled individuals difficult; in this chapter I will attempt one such nuanced reading.
When sexual assault is discovered or found, sexuality is openly discussed. However, prior to a report of sexual assault, individuals in different settings are silenced from expressing or discussing sexuality. Sexuality can be individualized and shamed, which are precisely the kinds of feelings that people report after victimization. The sexual culture of the group home or institution might be such that sexuality is actively ignored and discouraged. Sexual Abuse and Notions of Consent Sexual abuse invokes strong responses.