By Lans Bovenberg, Asghar Zaidi, A. Van Soest, Arthur H O Van Soest
Offering an overview of the long run examine demanding situations for economists and social scientists touching on inhabitants getting old, pensions, future health and social care in Europe, this booklet examines how medical examine provides state of the art proof on source of revenue security and health of the aged, and labour markets and older staff.
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Additional info for Ageing, Health and Pensions in Europe: An Economic and Social Policy Perspective
Brugiavini, (2001) ‘Savings: The Policy Debate in Europe’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy 17(1), 116-143. Börsch-Supan, A. and A. Lusardi (2003) ‘Saving: Cross-National Perspective’ in A. ), Life-Cycle Savings and Public Policy: A Cross-National Study in Six Countries (New York: Academic Press). Brown, J. (2009) ‘Understanding the Role of Annuities in Retirement Planning’ in A. ), Overcoming the Saving Slump: How to Increase the Effectiveness of Financial Education and Saving Programs (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
Annuity markets are thin, as many problems limit the propensity of individuals to annuitize (including the potential need to pay for uninsured medical expenses or for a nursing home), thereby providing a rationale for preferring lump sums (Turra and Mitchell, 2004; Sinclair and Smetters, 2004; Kifmann, 2008), while risk pooling within a couple/family decreases the value of annuitization for married couples (Brown and Poterba, 2000; Dushi and Webb, 2004). Although the complexity and the risk inherent in the product may act as a further disincentive, it seems hard to explain the lack of demand by remaining within the boundaries of rational models.
However, the empirical evidence, implicitly or explicitly based on the LCM, is mixed (and largely concentrated on data from the United States). Some studies use reduced forms to project households’ lifetime asset- and income paths, and derive from them implications for savings adequacy. Results are varied: Kotlikoff et al. (1982), Love et al. (2008) and Hurd and Rohwedder (2008) all find there is no generalized under-saving. On the contrary, according to Haveman et al. (2006), about half of retirees will not have enough resources in retirement to meet their pre-retirement consumption level.