Download A Visitor's Guide to the Kitt Peak Observatories by Leslie Sage PDF

By Leslie Sage

This advisor offers a accomplished travel of the well-known Kitt height telescopes and an advent to the real study entire with them. For greater than forty five years, astronomers have used the telescopes at Kitt top nationwide Observatories (KPNO) to make many striking discoveries in regards to the Universe. KPNO helps the main different choice of astronomical observatories on the earth for night optical and infrared astronomy and daylight hours examine of the sunlight. it's at present the main visited astronomical observatory website on the planet, together with over 50,000 viewers a 12 months from all 50 states and over fifty one nations. With over twenty optical and radio telescopes, the positioning finds to viewers glossy astronomy's nice range. Leslie Sage is a Senior Editor at Nature journal and study affiliate, division of Astronomy, collage of Maryland. ^lGail Aschenbrener is a Public Affairs Officer, USDA wooded area provider

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Those of you who have burned holes in paper with a small magnifying glass know what the focused light of the Sun can do. The 18 A Visitor’s Guide to the Kitt Peak Observatories energy in that sunlight heats the surrounding air in the tunnel, so the air has to be cooled. Astronomers study the Sun for a variety of reasons. It is the closest example of an average star, and therefore provides a model for our understanding of stars in general. The main aspects of the Sun that are studied by the McMath-Pierce telescope are sunspots and solar variability.

It discovered the first optical gravitationally lensed quasar; the light from a distant quasar was refracted around a galaxy on its way to Earth, and made two images of the quasar. This was detected when it was discovered that the quasars had absolutely identical spectra, which is incredibly unlikely under any other circumstance. The telescope also found the first indications of clumps of gas between galaxies. It was at the time suggested that these might be galaxies that had not yet formed; their true nature remains somewhat mysterious.

If you compare the distance from the back of the telescope to the small mirror mounted in the open frame near the top to the same in other telescopes on the mountain (particularly the 4-meter telescope), you will see that it is relatively stubby in appearance. This gives the telescope a wider field of view – meaning it can look at a larger part of the sky at once – than other comparable telescopes. It is now common to build new telescopes like this, not just because of the benefits to the science, but also because it involves less telescope structure and a smaller building, thereby minimizing the cost.

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